Also known as Chloasma, this concern is quite common and the brown or grey colouring will usually affect both sides of the face.
Melasma is a skin condition whereby darker patches of skin or large, prominent freckles appear on places such as the cheeks, chin, forehead and bridge of the nose – the neck and forearms are other places where melasma can develop. Also known as Chloasma, this concern is quite common and the brown or grey colouring will usually affect both sides of the face. Although both men and women can develop melasma, it is found that more women are affected. Melasma can also be a common occurrence during pregnancy, earning itself the alternative term, ‘mask of pregnancy’.
For many patients this condition is not harmful and its concern is purely aesthetic. Noticeable patches of discolouration can make a person feel self-conscious of their appearance, which is often the reason for seeking treatment.
The cause of melasma is not totally clear, however as the face, neck and forearms are areas of the body that get a lot of sun exposure, it is thought that this could be a factor. When UV rays penetrate the skin, it causes the body to produce extra melanin – the skin’s natural pigment. Excess production of melanin can build up in the skin’s cells, which will eventually become visible. People with a darker tone are more likely to be affected by melasma, as they naturally produce more melanin than those with fairer skin.
Other factors that are thought to contribute to the development of melasma includes: stress, hormonal changes, thyroid disease and certain medications.
Depending on the possible cause of melasma (such as during pregnancy or when taking oral contraceptives), some people find that the condition will disappear on its own. However if this is not the case, The Facebible can perform a bespoke chemical peel or fractional skin resurfacing. These treatments will help to replenish the top layers of skin, removing any damaged or pigmented cells to produce an even complexion.
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